Continuous Electrokinetic Separation of Particles Via Wall-Induced Non-Inertial Lift

Wednesday, 8 October 2014: 08:10
Expo Center, 1st Floor, Universal 10 (Moon Palace Resort)
X. Lu and X. Xuan (Clemson University)
The efficient separation of discrete particle (both synthetic and biological) species is a topic of interest in numerous research fields for its practical application to problems encountered in both academia and industry. We demonstrate in this work a novel continuous-flow method for electrokinetic separation of both a binary mixture and a ternary mixture of colloidal particles based on size. This method utilizes for the first time the wall-induced non-inertial lift force to deflect a sheath flow-focused particle mixture to size-dependent positions in a straight microchannel. A numerical model is also developed to understand this separation and to study the parametric effects on it. The numerical predictions are found to agree reasonably with the experimental observations.