A High Rate Lithium-Rich Layered MNC Cathode with Low Capacity Fade for Li-Ion Batteries
The XRD pattern of the material, with the Li2MnO3 region magnified, presented in Figure 1, perfectly matches with the literature data(3) for the layered Li-rich MNC material of similar composition. We obtained discharge capacities of approximately 300, 250, 200 and 150 mAh/g at C/20, C/4, and C and 2C discharge rates for electrodes having an active material loading of approximately 7 mg/cm2. Remarkably, excellent capacities with practically zero capacity fade has been observed for hundreds of cycles at the C discharge rate as shown in Figure 2 for a Li half-cell cycling between 2-4.9V at room temperature. Detailed structural and electrochemical properties of the material characterized using cyclic voltammetry (CV), XRD, X-ray Absorption Spectrometry (XAS), FESEM and High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) will be discussed.
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