Rational Design of Nanocatalysts for Fuel Cell Reactions

Sunday, 5 October 2014: 15:00
Sunrise, 2nd Floor, Galactic Ballroom 7 (Moon Palace Resort)
S. Guo (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
Engineering nanocrystals with size, shape, composition and structure control for enhancing oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and small molecule oxidation reactions is highly desirable for promoting the development of fuel cell devices. In this presentation, I will focus on my recent advances in rational design and controlled synthesis of high-quality multicomponent nanocrystals for enhancing ORR and small molecules oxidation reactions. I will start with three examples on how to engineer FePt NWs, FePtPd/FePt core/shell nanowires (NWs) and graphene-FePt nanoparticles (NPs) composite for getting advanced Pt-based catalysts for ORR with extremely high activity and stability. After that, I will move to non-Pt catalysts such as graphene-Co/CoO NPs and M/CuPd NPs (M=Ag, Au), which exhibit comparable and even higher ORR activity and stability than commercial Pt catalyst. Finally, I will show two interesting examples on how to engineering trimetallic NPs and NWs for enhancing methanol and formic acid oxidation reactions.