Thermal and Structural Behavior of Surface-Modified Li[Ni0.7Co0.2Mn0.1]O2 As a Positive Electrode for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
H3PO4 and metal salts were selected as starting materials for surface modification of Li[Ni0.7Co0.2 Mn0.1]O2. A solution anhydrous ethanol containing metal phosphates was stirred at 30 oC for 5 hours. Then, active materials were added into the solution. And the solution was evaporized at 80 oC in air and the resulting precipitates were then heated at 500 oC in air. Also, the coated powders were characterized by XRD, SEM, and HR-TEM. Electrochemical properties of coated powders were examined by galvanostatic cycle test and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.
Metal phosphates coatings shows uniform coating layers, as observed by TEM. TG and DSC analyses were conducted for the materials. Electrochemical test with half cells in voltage range of 3 - 4.3 V at 25 oC indicates that coated materials have better capacity retention and coulombic efficiency, rate capability and thermal properties. Thin coating layers were effective in improvement of the electrochemical, structural and thermal properties. Also, metal phosphates coatings give decrease in the residual lithium content and byproduct on the surfaces of particles, as confirmed by ToF-SIMS. And the materials were analyzed into XPS and ToF-SIMS to confirm surface byproducts of the materials itself at high temperature. Details will be mentioned at the conference site.