Binary Ionic Liquid Mixtures for Supercapacitor Applications

Sunday, 5 October 2014: 15:20
Expo Center, 1st Floor, Universal 3 (Moon Palace Resort)
S. Lall-Ramnarine (Queensborough Community College, CUNY), S. Suarez (Department of Physics, Brooklyn College, CUNY), N. Zmich (Department of Chemistry, Queensborough Community College, CUNY, Chemistry Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory), D. Ewko (Queensborough Community College, CUNY), S. Ramati (Brookhaven National Laboratory), D. Cuffari, M. Sahin, Y. Adam (Department of Physics, Brooklyn College, CUNY), E. Rosario (Queensborough Community College, CUNY), D. Paterno (Brooklyn College of the City University of New York), and J. Wishart (Chemistry Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory)
The need for improved energy storage capability in supercapacitors has prompted the use of ionic liquids as alternatives to acetonitrile based solvents. Despite the advantages of supercapacitors, their use in transportation is not favorable because of the deterioration of organic solvents with increasing temperatures and their high vapor pressures. We report here on the synthesis and characterization of ionic liquids optimized for use in supercapacitors. The cations were designed to bear ether substituents which are known to lower the viscosity of ILs. ILs and binary mixtures of ILs based on pyrrolidinium, imidazolium and dicationic ammonium cations bearing ether substituents and bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide [NTf2-] anions have been synthesized, purified and characterized. The halide salts were synthesized by reaction of the amine with 2-bromoethylethylether. They were then converted to the NTf2 salts after purification. The structures of the salts were confirmed using H-1 and C-13 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy. The dicationic ILs were used as the solutes in the binary IL mixyures. The binary IL mixtures have been analyzed for their transport properties using NMR. The work at BNL was supported by the BNL Office of Educational Programs and the DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences under contract # DE-AC02-98CH10886.