Optical Studies of Dry and Wet Reformed Methane on Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes
Different reforming conditions for methane including plain, wet (steam), and dry (carbon dioxide) are investigated on anode- and electrolyte-supported cells. NIRTI results demonstrate that cooling on the anode surface due to endothermic hydrocarbon cracking for dry reforming or simulated biogas is significantly greater than for unreformed methane on both types of cells. Raman and FTIRES both show that more carbon is deposited with methane than with biogas. The small amount of carbon formed is limited to lower temperatures with simulated biogas whereas carbon formation occurs to a great extent at all temperatures with methane. Exhaust gas analysis with ex situ FTIR absorption measurements and mass spectrometry are combined with in operando measurements to further characterize and quantify the species involved. These findings serve as benchmark data for a better understanding of the mechanisms responsible for performance and degradation of SOFCs.