Enabling Solar Fuels Technology By High Throughput Discovery of Earth Abundant Oxygen Evolution Reaction Catalysts

Monday, 25 May 2015: 12:00
Conference Room 4D (Hilton Chicago)
J. A. Haber (Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis-Caltech), J. M. Gregoire, D. Guevarra, R. Jones, A. Shinde, N. Becerra-Stasiewicz (Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis- Caltech), C. Xiang (California Institute of Technology), M. Slobodan, S. Jung (Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis- Caltech), C. Kisielowski, J. Yano (Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis- LBNL), and J. Jin (Lawrence Berkely National Laboratory)
The High Throughput Experimentation (HTE) project of the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis performs accelerated discovery of new earth-abundant photoabsorbers and electrocatalysts.  We will describe several new screening instruments for high throughput (photo-)electrochemical measurements and summarize the discovery pipelines. This approach will be illustrated using the high throughput discovery, follow-on verification, and device implementation of a new quaternary metal oxide catalyst. Discovering improved electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is of great importance for efficient solar fuels generation, regenerative fuel cells, and recharging metal air batteries. We report a new Ce-rich family of active catalysts composed of earth abundant elements, which was discovered using high-throughput methods to produce 5456 discrete compositions in the (Ni-Fe-Co-Ce)Ox composition space. The activity and stability of this new OER catalyst was verified by re-synthesis and extensive electrochemical testing of samples in a standard format in 1.0 M NaOH. Characterization of selected compositions by XRD, XPS, SEM, TEM, EDS, XRF mapping, and EXAFS both as-synthesized and after electrochemical testing, reveal the important of nanostructure to the observed electrochemical performance.  The discovery of additional electrocatalysts by expansion of this composition space investigated and of new composition spaces tested for OER activity and stability under acidic conditions will be reported.