Determination of Inorganic Arsenic As(III) in Water by Linear Sweep Anodic Stripping Voltammetry Using Gold Ultra-Microelectrode Array
The parameters of ASLSV, such as deposition potential (Edep) and time (tdep) and potential scan rate, were investigated. Different acidic solutions (HNO3, H2SO4, HClO4, H3PO4, HNO3/KCl, H2SO4/KCl and HClO4/KCl) with various concentrations were tested as a supporting electrolyte for arsenic analysis, from which the 0.1 M H3PO4 solution was chosen due to its medium acidity and being environmental friendly. Well defined voltammetric waves at Edep = -0.450 V (vs. Ag/AgCl reference electrode), tdep = 100 s and 1.000 V/s scan rate are found with peak currents proportional to the concentration of As(III) in the range of 10 to 100 ng.L-1. The limit of detection was 2 ng.L-1(signal-to-noise ratio = 3). These results well satisfy the requirements given by the World Health Organization (WHO). The repeatability, linearity and accuracy of the proposed method were evaluated. This method was applied for analysis of As(III) in natural water samples and the obtained results suggested that the fabricated gold chip would facilitate monitoring of As(III) in water.
This research was part of the project ĐTĐL.2011-G/76, granted by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) Vietnam.
Keywords: anodic stripping voltammetry, arsenic, gold, ultra-microelectrode.