Improved Electrochemical Performances and Thermal Stability of LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2 by Li3PO4 coating

Wednesday, 27 May 2015: 11:00
Salon A-4 (Hilton Chicago)


LiCoO2 is the most commercialized in lithium ion batteries (LIBs) for portable electronics because of its high volumetric energy density compared to the other commercialized cathode materials. However, low specific capacity (145 mAh/g @ 4.3 V cut-off) hinders its application to emerging technologies, such as power tool and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. As a result, layered Ni-rich LiNixCoyMn1xyO2 materials have attracted much attention as promising alternative cathode materials because of their high capacity and relatively low cost. However, Ni-rich layered cathode materials suffer from structural instability by direct contact with electrolyte at high voltage (>4.3V), resulting in poor cyclability, rate capability and thermal instability. To solve these problems, a lot of researches have been carried out to coat the surface of layered cathode materials using oxide or phosphate, such as TiO2, Al2O3, and Li3PO4.

Among these coating materials, Li3PO4 has attracted a great attention as coating material due to its high ionic conductivity and thermal stability due to strong P=O bonding. Recently, Zhao et al., reported on the Li3PO4 coating on LiFePO4 cathode material, but they used Li3PO4 nano particle as a coating material, resulting in non-uniform coating. Also, Xiong et el, tried to coat the Li3PO4 on LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 cathode material using the reaction between (NH4)2HPO4 and lithium residues, but the Li3PO4 coating layer is not confirmed.

In this study, we report on the synthesis of Li3PO4-coated LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 using a citric acid assisted sol-gel method in which nm-thick Li3PO4 layer was uniformly coated on the LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2. It exhibited improved cyclability at high voltage (4.7V) and rate capability than those of bare LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2. In addition, Li3PO4-coated LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 showed improved thermal stability at elevated temperature.

More details on the synthetic procedure, electrochemical and physical properties will be presented at the meeting.