Microwave-Assisted Solvothermal Synthesis of Pd-MnO2 Hybrid at Onion-like Carbons: Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Alcohols in Alkaline Media
In this work, palladium-manganese oxide nanoparticles supported on carbon nano onions (Pd-MnO2/OLC) were synthesized using the microwave-assisted solvothermal technique. Palladium-manganese oxide nanoparticles supported on Vulcan carbon (Pd@MnO2/XC–72) were also synthesized using the same technique for comparison. The catalysts were characterized using XRD, XPS, FESEM and HRTEM techniques. Electroxidation of the alcohols was performed in 0.5 M alcohol / 0.5 M KOH via cyclic and linear sweep voltammetry, chronoamperometric and elelctrochemical impedance spectroscopy.
Results obtained show that the catalyst supported on OLC exhibited the highest current density and least charge transfer resistance relative to the catalyst supported on XC–72. Pd-MnO2/OLC gave the best result amongst the catalyst synthesized with respect to the current density, and electrochemical stability as well as exhibited the least charge transfer resistance in all the alcohols studied. For instance, the onset oxidation potential and current density of the glycerol oxidation process were -0.5386 V and 5.58 mAcm-2, respectively. The implications of these results relative to methanol oxidation using the best catalyst system synthesized are discussed.
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