On the Capacity and Cycle Stability of Na3MnCO3PO4 - a High Capacity, Multi-Electron Transfer Redox Cathode Material for Sodium Ion Batteries

Wednesday, 27 May 2015: 10:20
Buckingham (Hilton Chicago)
C. Wang (Wanger Institute for Sustainable Energy Research, Illinois Institute of Technology), M. Sawicki, S. Emani, C. Liu (Illinois Institute of Technology, Wanger Institute for Sustainable Energy Research), and L. Shaw (Wanger Institute for Sustainable Energy Research, Illinois Institute of Technology)
Na3MnCO3PO4 has been predicted via ab initio calculations (Hautier, et al. 2011) to have a high specific capacity of 191 mAh/g, owing to its potential to deliver two-electron transfer reactions per formula via Mn2+/Mn3+ and Mn3+/Mn4+ redox reactions. This study demonstrates, for the first time, that Na3MnCO3PO4 can indeed display a specific capacity of 176.7 mAh/g experimentally, reaching 92.5% of its theoretical. The low electronic conductivity is found to be the limiting factor for the previously observed low specific capacities for Na3MnCO3PO4. Furthermore, the charge/discharge cycle life of the cathode is found to depend on the carbon concentration. The capacity retention improves with increasing the carbon concentration. This finding has been attributed to the improved uniformity in the participation of most of Na3MnCO3PO4 particles in redox reactions. With a specific capacity as high as 176.7 mAh/g, a clearly identified direction to enhance the capacity retention, and low cost of Na sources, Na3MnCO3PO4 has a great potential to be a viable cathode material for Na-ion batteries for large-scale energy storage.