A Study of e- Transport through Li2O2, the Main Discharge Product in the Li-O2 Battery

Tuesday, 26 May 2015: 15:20
Salon A-2 (Hilton Chicago)
K. B. Knudsen (Department of Energy, Technical University of Denmark), S. H. Jensen (Technical University of Denmark), A. C. Luntz (SUNCAT, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory), and J. Hjelm (DTU Energy, Technical University of Denmark)
In the field of energy storage devices the pursuit for cheap, high energy density, reliable secondary batteries is at the top of the agenda. The Li-O2battery is one of the possible technologies that, in theory, should be able to close the gap, which exists between the present state-of-the-art Li-ion technologies and the demand placed on batteries by technologies such as electrical vehicles [1].

     However, the Li-O2 battery still suffers greatly from high overpotentials during oxygen reduction and evolution reactions (discharge and charge, respectively), poor rechargeability, and decomposition of salts and solvents etc.  [2] [3]. In order to improve the electrochemical performance of the Li-O2batteries; it is crucial to understand the fundamental mechanisms that governs and limits the system during electrochemical operation.

     Here we present a redox probing study of the charge transfer across the deposition product lithium peroxide, Li2O2, using outer-sphere redox shuttles: cobaltocene, ferrocene, and decamethylferrocene. The change in heterogeneous electron transfer exchange rate as a function of the potential and the Li2O2 layer thickness (~state of charge) was determined using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The attenuation of the electron transfer exchange rate with film thickness is dependent on the probing potential, indicating that hole tunneling is the dominant process for charge transfer through Li2O2supporting previous work by Luntz et al. [4].

     Additionally, this work includes the determination of diffusion coefficients and concentrations of the redox shuttles and the superoxide ion, in a 1,2-dimethoxyethane based electrolyte.



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