High Volumetric Capacitance and Mechanisms of Electrochemical Charge Storage in Two-Dimensional Ti3C2-Based Mxene

Thursday, 28 May 2015: 08:40
Continental Room B (Hilton Chicago)
M. R. Lukatskaya, M. Ghidiu, O. Mashtalir, C. E. Ren (Drexel University), M. Q. Zhao (Drexel Univerisity), Y. Dall'Agnese (Université Paul Sabatier, Drexel University), M. W. Barsoum, and Y. Gogotsi (Drexel University)
MXenes, a recently discovered large family of two-dimensional (2D) early transition metal carbides and carbonitrides, have shown much promise in electrochemical energy storage applications, such as battery and supercapacitor electrodes. Here we report on large volumetric capacitance and high rate capability of Ti3C2Tx – the most studied MXene to date.

Spontaneous intercalation of a variety of single- and multiply charged cations (such as Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+, Mg2+, and Al3+), together with highly reversible electrochemical insertion of the same cations, has been demonstrated for Ti3C2Tx in aqueous electrolytes. Perfect capacitive behavior was observed for Ti3C2Tx MXene even at quite high charge and discharge rates, contradicting to slow intercalation of ions in a specific potential range, which is usually observed in layered materials used in battery applications. In order to understand the mechanism of capacitive charge storage in MXenes, we performed characterization of the material using in-situ spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and other techniques.