Effect of Metal Nanoparticles on the Polysulfide Conversion Reactions in Rechargeable Li-Sulfur Batteries
Metal/graphene hybrids were prepared through wet chemical routes and employed them as electrodes for the conversion of polysulfides in Li-S batteries. Structural and morphological techniques depicted phase purity of the materials and well-dispersed metallic nanocrystallites with an average size of 5 nm on the graphene sheets. Electrochemical studies were carried out by assembling Li/sulfur cells inside glove box using a porous metal/graphene as electrodes cathode, 0.6M Li2S8-1M LiTFSI in TEGDME as electrolyte, and metallic lithium as anode. Galvanostatic discharge-charge tests indicated a two-fold increment in the Li-S battery performance with metal/graphene compared to pure graphene. A high discharge capacity of 750 mAh/g at C-rates of C/10 has been observed with Pt/graphene. The studies on metal/graphene based Li-S battery revealed pivotal role of metallic nanoparticles in enhancing the polysulfide conversion processes.
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