Optimization of Process Parameters during Solid State Synthesis of LiMn2O4 as Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries
The present work aims the characterization of calcined cathode-materials to control the processing parameters in order to prepare single-phase spinel materials. Therefore, different compositions of LixMn2O4 have been synthesized from Li2CO3 and MnO2 as starting materials, applying different milling parameters and calcination conditions. The calcined powders were then characterized by powder diffraction (XRD) and electron-paramagnetic-resonance spectroscopy (EPR). It is known that Li2MnO3 might be formed during the calcination process as an undesirable lithium-rich secondary phase. Thus, particular attention has been paid on this phase. The formation of Li2MnO3 may occur by non-homogeneous mixing or remaining coarse particles of Li2CO3 in the powder mixture. The EPR is a highly sensitive method to obtain even small amounts of Li2MnO3 besides LiMn2O4in the calcined product and is therefore highly interesting for this application.
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