Materials Search of Perovskite Cathode in SOFC by Statistical Analysis

Monday, 27 July 2015: 14:00
Boisdale (Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre)
J. Hwang, Y. Ando, and S. Watanabe (Dept. of Materials Engineering, The Univ. of Tokyo)
Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology requires further maturations to become commercialized broadly. Many existing problems are expected to be solved by intermediate temperature SOFC (IT-SOFC). On the other hand, electrochemical resistances of cathode materials increase rapidly at lower temperature. So it is necessary to understand the underlying mechanisms of oxygen reduction reaction and develop new materials. Although many experimental and theoretical researches for this purpose are in progress, traditional trial-and-error materials search must be inefficient and take too long time.

 Considering the above situation, we explore critical factors that can explain the oxygen exchange rate of perovskite oxide cathode in SOFCs. It has been said that the bulk ionic conductivity is strongly related to the oxygen exchange rate, while the electronic conductivity is not as far as it is high enough. However, we found that the combination of ionic and electronic conductivities shows much stronger correlation than ionic conductivity alone while analyzing reported experimental data on 18 materials in figure 1. Materials which have high oxygen exchange rate can be explained by the multiplication of bulk ionic conductivity and electronic conductivity while others explained by the ionic conductivity.

Fig. 1 Relationship between oxygen exchange rate and bulk electronic conductivity, ionic conductivity, and the model function with both conductivities.