New Direct Alcohol and Hydrogen Fuel Cells for Naval and Aeronautical Applications (PILCONAER)
The main objective of the proposal is the development of low power stacks (stacks) fed with methanol (DMFC) and ethanol (DEFC) based on the development of new catalysts and membranes. The materials are considered first from the point of view of application in FCs fed with H2 (PEMFC) to be optimized and used on FCs fed directly with alcohols. An important particular objective is the development of cells fed with ethanol in alkaline medium in order to eliminate the use of Pt as the catalyst and increase the efficiency of the electrochemical FC while cost is decreased. The proposed development of new FCs fed with alcohols, especially ethanol, is considered a technology of sustainable use, further commitment to the restoration of the natural environment and biodiversity conservation.
The consortium combines groups: skilled in synthesis and characterization of materials (CSIC); expert in the development and evaluation of FC stacks (UPM and INTA) and with the ability to develop physical and mathematical models to predict the behavior of the fuel cell equipped for the MEAs fabricated (UCM). Four companies have shown interest in the proposal, as well as participation according to preliminary results.