Possibility of Methane Production from Steam and Carbon Dioxide by Using Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cells

Monday, 27 July 2015
Hall 2 (Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre)
T. Kato, S. Nagata, T. Honda, A. Negishi, Y. Tanaka, and A. Momma (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Sci. Technol.)
To overcome global warming issue and energy shortage problem, economical hydrogen production technologies from renewable energy or unused fossil fuel with carbon capture technology are being developed all over the world. However it becomes the large problem that it is necessary to reconstruct energy infrastructures for production, transportation and usage of hydrogen and to entail a vast cost.

Against this problem, for effectively utilizing existing energy infrastructures, we are developing a methane producing technique from water and carbon dioxide by using renewable electricity instead of hydrogen production. Specifically, solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) technology for producing syn-gas with high efficiency has been developed and we have succeeded in trial manufacture tubular SOECs whose sin-gas production rate is more than 3.5 sccm/cm2 at the operating temperature of 750 oC and electrolytic voltage of 1.35V.

Therefore, in this paper, the numerical models of an SOEC methane production system and a conventional methane production system were made in reference to performance of the tubular SOECs and dependence of performance of the each system on operating conditions, such as operating temperature, feed gas composition, is analyzed and compared with each other.

The methane producing system which combined a water electrolysis system with a high temperature water-gas shift reactor was considered as a conventional system.

From the result of the analysis, advantage of SOEC methane production system is clarified.