Low Voltage Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Tuesday, 28 July 2015: 08:30
Carron (Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre)
S. Clark (University of Oxford), A. R. Armstrong (University of St Andrews), and P. G. Bruce (University of Oxford, Department of Materials)
Graphite has proved a highly successful anode for lithium ion batteries; however it is not without its limitations. There is intensive research to perfect silicon based anodes but important challenges still remain in the quest for high cycling efficiency and high cycle numbers. As a result, there remains much need for investigation of alternative anodes for lithium-ion batteries. Recently we investigated anodes based on LiVO21,2.  Intercalation into this compound, which is isostructural with LiCoO2, occurs in a two phase process with the formation of hexagonal Li close packed Li2VO2.1 We have now extended these studies to related compounds, and solid solutions, and have identified anodes with a capacity of over 205 mAh/g at C rate, Fig. 1. The density of these materials is 3.34 g/cm3 resulting in a volumetric capacity of 718 mAh/cm3 at 1C. Volumetric capacity is important for applications such as electric vehicle.  Detailed results of these investigations will be presented in the meeting.


1) A.R. Armstrong, C. Lyness, P.M. Panchmatia, M.S. Islam, P.G. Bruce, Nat. Mater. 10 (2011) 223-228.

2) F.d.r. Pourpoint, X. Hua, D.S. Middlemiss, P Adamson, D Wang, P.G  Bruce, C.P. Grey, Chem. Mater. 2012, 24, 2880−2893.