In order to optimize the test programs, which consist of different test modules, several testing campaigns have been performed. The project partners apply the developed test procedures on identical SOC stacks. In this project 5-cell short-stacks with anode supported cells (ASC) were used, which were provided by an established stack supplier. Altogether 10 pre-normative test modules were developed: Start-up, current-voltage curve, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, reactant utilization, reactant gas composition, temperature sensitivity, operation at constant current, operation at varying current, thermal cycling and shut-down.
The presentation compares the results of the test modules of the different project partners. Important aspects are the evaluation of the results in terms of repeatability of the different testing campaigns and the reproducibility of the results among the partners. Electrochemical properties, e.g. open circuit voltage (OCV), area specific resistance (ASR), power density, fuel utilization (FU) and impedance values of both stack and repeat units (RU) are presented. Moreover, the results are discussed in context to the test input parameters. Another important issue is the reproducibility of the different test methods, e.g. jV-characteristics and EIS-spectra. Finally, important aspects for the determination of reproducible degradation rates of SOC stacks will be presented and discussed.