Spatial characterization of concentration, current and temperature variations is rather challenging. The high operation temperature (773-1273 K) of SOFCs makes the spatial characterization more difficult. Vibrational Raman Spectroscopy  and IR Thermography  can be employed for diagnosing the spatial concentration and temperature, respectively; however, both of them are quite expensive and they require transparent materials for the gas distribution plate. Although the segmentation method is easy to implement on tubular-SOFCs , it is quite laborious to apply on planar-SOFCs . These challenges can be circumvented by numerical tools. In principle, numerical tools are obliged to be verified by benchmark experimental data for assuring the reliability of investigations. For verifying SOFC models, we need to consider in situ measurable properties, such as voltage, current, and temperature. Among these properties, I-V (current-voltage) validation and temperature validation appear to be the most practical options, which are to ensure the computation-reliability of concentration. Even though the conventional I-V curves provide a good basis for the model-validation, they may not ensure the accurate computation of the spatial variations. It is a fact that an I-V validated model might predict a number of distinct temperature fields depending on the incorporated heat transfer processes. Thereby, the computation-accuracy of the electrochemical performance is expected to be highly affected by the inaccurate temperature fields. This study is hence devoted to investigating the role of temperature variations on the reliability of the numerical tools for computing the associated properties. Herein we present the spatial variations in the characteristic properties of a microtubular-SOFC, firstly calculated by the model validated with only the conventional I-V curve, and secondly by the model verified with temperature variations, in addition to validating with the conventional I-V curve. For these evaluations, we exploit the experimentally and numerically obtained spatial current and temperature variations in a microtubublar-SOFC. We in situ acquired the experimental data by applying the segmentation method on a microtubular-SOFC, whereas we computed the numerical data by a two-dimensional model developed for the respective experimental conditions.
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