Electrical Explosion Synthesis of Si/C Nanocomposites for Li Secondary Batteries
The electrical explosion of Si was successfully applied using a liquid media to suppress the unfavorable surface plasma generation. The physical and chemical properties of the produced materials were analyzed by XRD, FE-SEM, HR-TEM and the performances of the Si/C composites as an anode for Li ion batteries were investigated by electrochemical charge/discharge measurements. The Si/C composites obtained under the explosion in hexane and ethanol consist of a core-shell structure with a compact graphitic carbon on the Si particle surface which cause detrimental effects against Li ion diffusion. However, we found that Si explosion in methanol minimized the formation of the carbon phase on the surface of nano-sized Si. The Si/C nanocomposite after a simple pyrolysis with carbon precursor showed a high capacity with an excellent cycle performance.
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