(Invited) Novel Luminescent Materials Based on Semiconductor Nanowires
We will report our recent work on the photoluminescence properties of InAsP/InP nanowires. InP nanowires were grown on <111> Si substrates by the Au-assisted vapor-liquid-solid process in a gas source molecular beam epitaxy system. InAsyP1-y segments were grown in the middle of the InP nanowires, creating a multiple quantum dot structure or superlattice. The quantum dot dimensions and composition were determined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Photoluminescence (PL) from the quantum dot structure could be tuned by the InAsyP1-y composition (y), or by the size of the quantum dot via the quantum confinement effect. Cathodoluminescence (CL) measurements confirmed localized emission from the quantum dots. To reduce detrimental surface states, the nanowires were passivated with an AlInP shell, which resulted in strong PL emission.
The growth mechanism of the quantum dots were inferred from the InAsP and InP segment lengths as a function of nanowire diameter. Short InAsP segment lengths were found to grow by depletion of In from the Au particle as well as by direct impingement, while longer segments of InAsP and InP grew by diffusive transport of adatoms from the nanowire sidewalls. The present study offers a manner to engineer the lengths of InAsP quantum dots embedded in InP barriers to better control the PL or CL emission. A novel group III and V gas switching sequence is presented to improve compositional control of the QD.