Nanostructured Palladium-Graphene Materials for Energy Conversion

Wednesday, May 14, 2014: 08:00
Bonnet Creek Ballroom IX, Lobby Level (Hilton Orlando Bonnet Creek)
A. Serov (University of New Mexico, Center for Emerging Energy Technologies), N. Andersen (University of New Mexico), K. Artyushkova, and P. Atanassov (University of New Mexico, Center for Emerging Energy Technologies)
Carbon nanostructured materials are widely used in different energy applications: fuel cells, supercapacitors, Li-ion batteries etc [1, 2]. Several synthetic approaches can be used for preparation of CNTs, graphene etc, such as: CVD, exfoliation. At the present work we adopted the sacrificial support method (SSM) developed at UNM group [3-12].

Several types of 3D structured graphene materials were synthesized by modified SSM. The morphology control was achieved by variation of silica types, graphene oxide to silica ratio etc. After successful synthesis of graphenes the sacrificial support was leatched by means of concentrated HF.

Figure 1 represents SEM image of 3D structured graphene synthesized by SSM.


Figure 1:  SEM image of 3D structured graphene.

TEM analysis confirmed the formation of multi-stacks of graphene layers (Fig. 2).

The later step involved the deposition on the graphene surface Pd-based materials. Two methods: thermal or chemical reduction of Pd-precursors was used in order to synthesize highly active catalysts for alcohols electrooxidation.

It has been observed that Pd-Cu was evenly dispersed on the graphene sheets (Fig.3).

Electrochemical performance of Pd-based catalysts in the reaction of alcohols electrooxidation is shown on Figure 4. It was found that addition of second oxophilic metal to the palladium substantially improved it is activity. Peak current generated by Pd-Cu deposited onto the surface of 3D structured graphene was found to be ~1800 A gpd-1.


Figure 2:  TEM image of 3D structured graphene.


Figure 3:  TEM image of Pd-Cu/3D structured graphene.


Figure 4:  Electrooxidation of EtOH in alkaline media by Pd-based catalysts.


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