Striped Nanorods for Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production
In this work, water splitting cells have been designed to consist of multi-component nanorods of titanium dioxide and platinum with well-defined nanostructures to function as photocatalytic cell for hydrogen production. As the TiO2-Pt nanorods are irradiated with light in the presence of a water source, oxygen and hydrogen are evolved at the anode TiO2 and cathode Pt segments of the nanorods respectively. The alternating segments of TiO2 semiconductor and Pt metal enable the control of the direction of charge movement and light absorption pathways in the material, thereby presenting a solution to improving the overall efficiency of photocatalytic hydrogen production.
By employing templated electrodeposition, homogeneous multi-segmented TiO2/Pt nanorods have been successfully fabricated. This simple method of synthesis permits an easier control of the position and composition of TiO2 and Pt along the length of the nanorods, which allows for a customizable and highly reproducible method of obtaining segmented rods with uniformly distributed active sites for efficient catalytic activity. The UV absorption properties of these multi-segmented TiO2/Pt nanorods are then compared to single segmented nanorods consisting of only TiO2.