Crystal Structure and Dielectric Property of Endohedral Water Fullerene

Wednesday, May 14, 2014: 14:20
Bonnet Creek Ballroom XI, Lobby Level (Hilton Orlando Bonnet Creek)
S. Aoyagi (Nagoya City University), N. Hoshino, T. Akutagawa (Tohoku University), R. Kitaura, H. Shinohara (Nagoya University), K. Sugimoto (SPring-8/JASRI), R. Zhang, and Y. Murata (Kyoto University)
Polar water molecules in normal ice have a frozen random orientation even at 0 K due to the three-dimensional network of hydrogen bonds. Encapsulation of the water molecule inside C60 was recently achieved by the molecular surgical approach. The single water molecule trapped inside C60 is completely free from the hydrogen bonds. The easy separation of the H2O@C60 molecules from the empty C60 by high-performance liquid chromatography implies that H2O@C60 has a dipole moment. The dipolar interaction between the caged water molecules without hydrogen bonds in the H2O@C60 crystal could result in a net polarization and ferroelectricity. The crystal structure and dielectric property of pure H2O@C60 crystal is revealed in this study by the synchrotron radiation X-ray structure analysis and dielectric measurement.  The crystal has a cubic structure similar to that of the empty C60 crystal except that water molecules are trapped inside the carbon cages. The water molecule rotates around its oxygen atom at the cage center even at 20 K. The rotating water molecules respond to an external electric field due to its permanent dipole moment.