High Surface Area Graphene-Based Materials for Electrochemical Energy Storage

Monday, May 12, 2014: 14:00
Bonnet Creek Ballroom IX, Lobby Level (Hilton Orlando Bonnet Creek)
T. Kim and R. S. Ruoff (Department of Mechanical Engineering and the Materials Science and Engineering Program, The University of Texas at Austin)
We present an overview of work in the Ruoff group on graphene-based and graphene-derived materials in energy storage systems (EES).

With high electrical conductivity and surface area, graphene-based materials are being intensively studied as electrode material or support material in ultracapacitors and batteries. Graphene-based materials with different physicochemical properties have been studied including chemically reduced graphene oxide,[1] thermally reduced graphene oxide,[2] microwave exfoliated graphite oxide (MEGO),[3] and activated microwave-expanded graphite oxide (‘a-MEGO’).[4]

Our recent work based on a highly porous graphene-derived carbon material showed that extremely high specific surface area can be obtained by an activation process, which allows for extensive formation of an electrochemical double layer (EDL) and a high gravimetric capacitance in a symmetric ultracapacitor. In addition, activated graphene-based materials showed significantly improved performance in terms of energy density approaching that of conventional lead-acid batteries.[4, 5]

Other studies of highly porous graphene-derived materials in EES including Li-ion capacitors and Li-S batteries will also be presented, along with current efforts in our group on graphene-based and graphene–derived materials for electrical energy storage.


1. Stoller, M.D., et al., Graphene-Based Ultracapacitors. Nano Letters, 2008. 8(10): p. 3498-3502.

2. Zhu, Y.W., et al., Exfoliation of Graphite Oxide in Propylene Carbonate and Thermal Reduction of the Resulting Graphene Oxide Platelets. ACS Nano, 2010. 4(2): p. 1227-1233.

3. Zhu, Y.W., et al., Microwave assisted exfoliation and reduction of graphite oxide for ultracapacitors. Carbon, 2010. 48(7): p. 2118-2122.

4. Zhu, Y.W., et al., Carbon-Based Supercapacitors Produced by Activation of Graphene. Science, 2011. 332(6037): p. 1537-1541.

5. Kim, T., et al., Activated graphene-based carbons as supercapacitor electrodes with macro- and mesopores. ACS Nano, 2013. 7(8): p. 6899-905.