Oxygen Reduction and Oxygen Evolution Reactions in Non-Aqueous Electrolyte As Studies By Dems
Organic carbonates are unsuitable for the use in lithium-air batteries because they decompose upon charging . Recently Scrosati  showed by XRD that tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether (tetraglyme) is an appropriate electrolyte for Li-air battery whereas Bruce  using XRD and FTIR techniques demonstrated that, tetraglyme is not the best electrolyte because it decomposes in the first few cycles. On the other hand, Li2O2 has been reported as the major discharge product using dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as an electrolyte .
Since spectroscopic techniques are superior to diffraction methods in detecting charge/discharge products, mass spectrometry in combination with electrochemistry (DEMS) has been used in this study to determine the electrolyte stability, water content, the amount of O2 reduced and evolved in a variety of aprotic electrolytes such as ethers (tetraglyme) and sulfoxide (DMSO). O2 solubility in aqueous and different non-aqueous electrolyte and its dependence on the flow rate of the electrolyte has been studied.
Crucial is a knowledge of the O2 solubility in these electrolytes. We will present a new method for its determination using differential electrochemical mass spectrometry (DEMS) based on the convection and diffusion behaviour characteristices of the dual thin layer cell used for DEMS. 
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