Invited Presentation: The Bilayer Pseudo-Spin Field-Effect Transistor: Overview and Quantum Transport Simulation
In this presentation, we will provide an overview of essential BiSFET concepts, and then focus on recent work to understand better how such devices would work to understand better their potential value. We will address both inter- and intra-layer transport within the excitonic superfluid condensate system. To this end, we have developed and performed quantum transport simulations that include the non-local interlayer Fock-exchange interaction on which condensate formation is based.
Through simulation, we exhibit the predicted transition from nearly short-circuit behavior below a critical current/voltage to nearly open circuit condition for DC interlayer current flow. Specifically, we have found interlayer conductance of approximately three-fourths of the Landauer-Büttiker limit for perfect transmission below the critical voltage. Above the critical voltage, a spontaneous oscillatory behavior is expected instead of a steady-state current, similar to that of the AC Josephson effect but on the THz and above scale here that would be filtered out in practical circuits. Our simulations have confirmed the lack of steady-state solutions above the critical current, and oscillations in the results from iterative calculations, consistent with this expectation.
Through simulation, we also have confirmed that the critical voltage varies as a function of the bare/single particle interlayer coupling strength through the interlayer dielectric, and that the critical voltage can be less than the well below the thermal voltage of 26 mV at 300K.
In addition to above critical results, we will show how intra-layer biasing produces near perfect interlayer Coulomb drag. Moreover, to date, field-effect gating has been envisioned for the BiSFET, to adjust the strength of the condensate or the effective contact resistance of individual devices to adjust the critical voltage (where only a little adjustment is needed). However, we are also pursuing the possibility of mixing inter-layer and intra-layer biasing to provide current-controlled switching in what could be called a Bilayer pseudoSpin Junction Transistor (BiSJT), which could reduce device-to-device variability and providing alternate circuit schemes.
Acknowledgment: This work is supported by the Nanoelectronics Research Initiative (NRI) through the Southwest Academy of Nanoelectronics (SWAN). Supercomputing resources were provided by the Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC).
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