Enhanced Electrochemical Performance of Monoclinic LiMnBO3-Based Li Storage Material Via Partial Substitution

Monday, 6 October 2014: 14:30
Sunrise, 2nd Floor, Galactic Ballroom 2 (Moon Palace Resort)
J. C. Kim, D. H. Seo, X. Li, and G. Ceder (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
We developed a new electrochemically active Li storage material based on a polyanionic framework. By replacing a portion of Mn with Fe and Mg in monoclinic lithium manganese borate (LiMnBO3), a phase-pure LiMn0.5Fe0.4Mg0.1BO3 was successfully synthesized. A C/50-rate galvanostatic discharge delivered a near theoretical capacity of 201 mAh g-1 at room temperature with much improved rate capability, 120 mAh g-1 at a 1C discharge, compared to other borate chemistries. We explained this superior Li storage activity in relation to the topological effect of substitution, which leads to facile Li diffusion and stabilizes the structure. Combining with the inherent stability of the borate group against oxygen evolution, we believe that the enhanced electrochemical properties achieved in this study makes the LiMn0.5Fe0.4Mg0.1BO3 compound a strong contender as a new cathode material for Li-ion batteries and will bring more attention to the lithium transition metal borate chemistry.