Sensor for Quantitative Analytical Determination of Sulphite in Wine Using a System of Modified Electrode and a Membrane Absorption System

Tuesday, 7 October 2014
Expo Center, 1st Floor, Center and Right Foyers (Moon Palace Resort)
R. Arce, M. J. Aguirre, and J. Romero (Universidad de Santiago de Chile)
The sulfite is commonly used antiseptic wine and food. You can find free or bound to phenols , aldehydes and other organic compounds. Its concentration at high levels produces toxic effects, such as pain when breathing in asthmatic patients , hypotension and gastrointestinal problems. Therefore it is useful to determine the electrochemically concentration , and with this, to separate , by absorbing membrane system , the other impurities present in food. Sulfite (SO3 -2) in aqueous solution is in equilibrium with bisulfite ( HSO3 - ) and sulfur dioxide ( SO2) , where their concentrations depend mainly on the pH. As to the electrochemical method , the cyclic voltammetry was used. This technique is widely used and is of considerable use in the study of oxide / reduction , detection of reaction intermediates and observing reactions monitoring electrode products formed in reactions . In conjunction with the cyclic voltammetry method of calibration curve is applied and thus determine how feasible it is to implement in an electrochemical analysis. The method of calibration curve represents the response of an analytical method to known concentrations of analyte . Previous studies done in the laboratory show that it is possible to find a potential range where the SO3 -2 shows an increasing response in current and potential displacement , and in addition, all the parameters are optimized for system performance membrane absorber .