(Invited) Operando Methods for the Study of Energy Materials

Monday, 25 May 2015: 15:00
Williford Room C (Hilton Chicago)
H. D. Abruña (Cornell University)
This presentation will deal with the development of operando methods for the study and characterization of fuel cell and battery materials. The presentation will begin with a brief overview of the methods employed.  Particular emphasis will be placed on the use of X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) under active potential control, confocal Raman and differential electrochemical mass spectrometry (DEMS).  The utility of these methods will be illustrated by selected examples including conversion reactions of Mn3O4 as anode material for lithium ion batteries (LIBs), spectroscopic studies of Li/S batteries and the use of DEMS to characterize electrolyte systems for LIBs.  The use of operando TEM will be illustrated by studies of fuel cell catalyst degradation and coalescence and lithiation/de-lithiation dynamics of LiFePO4 via energy-filtered TEM. The presentation will conclude with an assessment of future directions.