Photoelectrochemical Studies and Capacitance Measurements during the Nitride Passivation of InP in Liquid Ammonia (-55°C)
Tuesday, 26 May 2015: 12:00
Conference Room 4F (Hilton Chicago)
This work presents a fundamental photo-electrochemical process at the interface SC/electrolyte. The photoelectrochemical passivation of n-InP is reported in liquid ammonia (‑55 °C) during an anodic treatment
. The extraction of InP sample from the solvent is successfully performed at ambient temperature. Thanks to XPS (X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy), a reproducible polyphosphazene like film is reported on InP (‑[(H2
. A soft anodic electrochemical treatment under illumination is applied at the interface to provide a gradual controlled coverage ratio of the surface by the film. This quantitative study requires a chronopotentiometry process with a constant anodic current of 1µA.cm-2
under illumination. An anodic charge around 0.3 mC.cm-2
is enough to ensure a complete coverage of the surface by the film. According to the anodic charge a gradual striking flat band potential shift is observed (Fig. 1). A flat C‑2
= f(V) is extended over 1 volt leading to a high interfacial capacitance (» 2µF.cm-2
). From the analysis of capacitance‑potential curves, the interface appears to be under accumulation conditions after the film formation. A significant drop of the resulting photo potential is then observed (Fig. 2). However, under a strong positive overvoltage (» 1V), a stationary anodic photocurrent is recovered.
 A-M. Gonçalves, N. Mézailles, C. Mathieu, P. Le Floch, A. Etcheberry, « «Fully Protective yet functionalizable monolayer onto InP” Chemistry of Materials.22(2010) 3114-3120.
 A-M. Gonçalves, C.Njel, C. Mathieu, D.Aureau, A. Etcheberry. « Phosphazene like film formation on InP in liquid ammonia (223K) . Thin Solid Films 538 (2013) 21–24.