(Invited) Electrolytes for Li-Ion Batteries Based on High Voltage Cathodes
When developing higher energy density Li-ion batteries based on higher voltage cathodes such as 4.7 V LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 (LNMO) and 4.8 V LiCoPO4 (LCP), the oxidative stability of the state-of-the-art electrolytes is in question. Furthermore, the stability of the high voltage cathodes themselves is also not certain. Efforts in improving the stability of LNMO and LCP through substitutions have yielded better performing cathodes in terms of improved capacity retention and coulombic efficiency.1, 2
The search for electrolytes that work with the high voltage cathodes has been intensive. Molecular modeling to understand the oxidative stability of Li-ion electrolytes has been active.3 This paper will review our recent efforts on electrolyte development for improving the electrochemical performance of the high voltage cathodes in Li-ion batteries.
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