Benchmarking Nanoparticulate Metal Oxides for the Alkaline Water Oxidation

Wednesday, October 14, 2015
West Hall 1 (Phoenix Convention Center)
S. Jung (Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis- Caltech), C. C. L. McCrory, J. C. Peters (Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis), and T. F. Jaramillo (Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis)
Nanoparticulate metal-oxide catalysts are among the most prevalent systems for alkaline water oxidation. However, comparisons of the electrochemical performance of these materials has been challenging due to the numerous methods of attachment and catalyst loadings used in the literature.  Herein, we have identified a conventional drop-casting method that ensures adhesion of the catalysts and consistently applied to a variety of metal oxides for water oxidation reactions in alkaline condition.  The nanoparticulate materials were characterized using XRD, XPS, BET, and SEM.  The activity and Tafel slopes of the nanoparticulate catalysts attached by this method have been compared directly to similar systems synthesized by different methods such as electrodeposition, sputtering, etc.  A brief discussion of the differences and similarities in the surface area as measured by BET and determined from the double-layer capacitance of the system is also provided.