Aluminium Rods As Current Collectors and Electrodes for 3D Li-Ion Micro-Batteries
Aluminium rods were obtained by template assisted galvanostatic deposition of aluminium into the pores of a commercial membrane. By the subsequent chemical dissolution of the membrane, free standing arrays of aluminium rods deposited on an aluminium substrate were obtained. It was shown that the use of a nucleation pulse prior to deposition led to a homogeneous deposition of aluminium rods, while the use of pulsed current rather than constant current resulted in a narrower distribution of the rods heights .
Aluminium is used as a current collector in Li-ion batteries. The deposition of TiO2 onto the aluminium rods was done by means of electrophoresis and a sol-gel derived impregnation method. While the electrophoretic deposition resulted in non-conformal coated rods, the impregnation method gave a thin amorphous deposit which could be cycled against lithium .
Finally, aluminium can be used as a negative active material, as it alloys with lithium. A study of the alloying and dealloying of lithium and aluminium was done on the 3D aluminium rods and a model for the lithiation and delithiation of aluminium has been proposed . The aluminium rods were used as a negative electrode in a Li-ion battery against LiFePO4 coated on carbon foam positive electrode in a 3D cell with different geometries of the two electrodes .
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