High Performance TiP2O7 Based Intercalation Negative Electrode for Aqueous Lithium-Ion Batteries Via a Facile Synthetic Route

Tuesday, October 13, 2015
West Hall 1 (Phoenix Convention Center)


Combining high energy mechanical alloying with intimate carbon coating has proven effective in improving electrochemical performance of polyanion-based materials (1, 2). Ball milling with intimate carbon helps to prepare a homogenous mixture of precursors and reduce particle size during following thermal treatment (3, 4). In addition, this combination can decrease the thermal treatment time needed (5). In this study, we demonstrated TiP2O7/graphite prepared by high energy mechanical alloying combined with intimate carbon coating has superior cycling performance in aqueous lithium-ion electrolyte.

The TiP2O7/graphite composite material was prepared by an intensive mechanical mixing solid state synthesis method at 700°C. Physical properties were characterized via powder X-ray diffraction, Rietveld refinement, SEM, BET and TGA. Electrochemical performance was evaluated in both a three electrode test setup and two electrode coin cells via cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic cycling tests. The TiP2O7/Graphite composite demonstrates excellent cycling performance in 1M Li2SO4 when matched with LiMn2O4 as a positive electrode: when cycled at C/2 for 150 cycles, the capacity retention is over 91% with coulombic efficiencies exceeding 99%. The initial discharge capacity obtained at a C/10 rate is 91mAh/g which was about 75% of theoretical capacity 121mAh/g.


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