First Observation of the Pore Dynamics in Ordered Mesoporous Electrode Materials By in Operando Small Angle X-Ray Scattering

Wednesday, October 14, 2015: 10:40
106-B (Phoenix Convention Center)
G. O. Park (Department of Energy Science, Sungkyunkwan University), J. Yoon, E. Park (Hanyang University), Y. Kim (Department of Energy Science, Sungkyunkwan University), H. Kim, H. Kim (Hanyang University), W. S. Yoon (Department of Energy Science, Sungkyunkwan University), and J. M. Kim (Department of Chemistry, Sungkyunkwan University)
To monitor dynamic volume changes of electrode materials during electrochemical lithium storage and removal process is of utmost importance for developing high performance lithium storage materials. We herein report an in operando probing of mesoscopic structural changes in ordered mesoporous electrode materials during cycling with synchrotron-based small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) technique. In operando SAXS studies combined with electrochemical and other physical characterizations straightforwardly show how porous electrode materials underwent volume changes during the whole process of charge and discharge, with respect to their own reaction mechanism with lithium. This comprehensive information on the pore dynamics as well as volume changes of the electrode materials will not only be critical in further understanding of lithium ion storage reaction mechanism of materials, but also enable the innovative design of high performance nanostructured materials for next generation batteries.