A Computational Model for Sodium Sulfur Battery Analysis

Tuesday, October 13, 2015
West Hall 1 (Phoenix Convention Center)
H. Sezer (MAE Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown WV), M. Aygun (MAE Department, West Virginia University), J. H. Mason (MAE Department, West Virginia University), E. Baran (Department of EE, West Virginia University), and I. B. Celik (MAE Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown WV)
Energy storage from the renewable energy sources is one of the challenging issue of clean energy technologies. Recently, sodium sulfur (Na-S) battery has gained considerable attention as a viable candidate of energy storage application. However, Na-S battery technology comes with the disadvantages of relatively high temperature operating conditions, brittle insulator and safety concern with regarded to temperature management. In this study, a two-dimensional heat transfer model is integrated with a zero-dimensional, transient electrochemical model for Na-S batteries to predict the temperature distribution inside the Na-S battery under cell operating conditions. Properties required for solving the heat transfer governing equation and electrochemical model, such as electronic and ionic conductivity, species concentrations and heat conductivity are calculated and updated as a function of time. Additionally, the instant outputs of these combined computational tool for single sodium sulfur battery, temperature, open circuit voltage, polarization and ohmic losses are used as input values for a designed Simulink model to analyze a stack of Na-S batteries. These computational tools aim to enable the thermal management and to complete design procedure of storage systems made of Na-S batteries. The present model is tested against experimental results found in literature. Good agreement is achieved between current model and the available experiment in the literature.  Validated model is used to perform a parametric study.