Integrated Multiscale Multiphysics Modeling of Dynamic Short Circuit Behavior in Large Lithium-Ion Batteries
ISCs are caused either from a latent defect growing over time or from a sudden mechanical failure of internal cell structure that may occur during battery intrusion or crush. Puncture and crush response of a battery involves various aspects of physics. The Multiscale Multidomain (MSMD) model framework provides a modular architecture, facilitating flexible integration of multiphysics model components. At initial stage of an ISC, the faulted battery is electrochemically active. This is true even through a whole event if no severe consequence follows. As such, the electrochemical model is imperative to determine the battery dynamic response to short circuit. For an induced ISC, fault current and accompanied heat must be quantified properly in consideration of thermodynamic and kinetic factors, while capturing the electronic current pathways along the intricate LIB geometries. LIB component materials become thermally unstable under exposure to high temperatures. The abuse reaction kinetics model predicts the battery’s chemical responses. In this paper, we introduce an integrated multiphysics LIB safety response model built on the MSMD nonlinear multiscale multiphysics model framework, and apply the model to investigate electrical, thermal, chemical and electrochemical behaviors of large-format cells in various form factors while resolving dynamic evolution of internal short circuit.