Thermal Stability Studies in Charged Layered Sodium Transition Metal Oxide Cathode Materials for Na-Ion Batteries

Tuesday, October 13, 2015: 09:20
Remington A (Hyatt Regency)
S. M. Bak, Y. Zhou (Chemistry Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory), E. Hu (Chemistry Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory), X. Yu (Brookhaven National Laboratory), and X. Q. Yang (Brookhaven National Laboratory)
Layered alkali transition metal oxides (i.e., LiMO2 and NaMO2, M=transition metal) are the premier class of cathode materials in lithium- and sodium-ion battery system. The safety characteristics of LiMO2 cathode based LIBs are one of the most critical barriers to be overcome for the large scale application such as EV. One of the main reasons that might cause safety hazards of the LIB is associated with the thermal instability of charged Li1-xMO2 cathode materials, which is related to the occurrence of exothermic reactions between flammable electrolyte and liberating oxygen from charged Li1-xMO2 at high temperature. Based on the structural homology between the layered LiMO2 and NaMO2, we expect that the investigation of thermal stability of charged Na1-xMO2cathode materials is also important for the practical use of SIBs. However, few attentions have been paid on safety issue of SIBs.

 In this study, the thermal stability of charged Na1-xMO2 cathode materials is investigated by using combined in situ time-resolved X-ray diffraction and mass spectroscopy (TR-XRD/MS), which allows simultaneous observation of the structural changes and gas species that are evolved during thermal decomposition of charged cathode materials, especially O2 gas in our interest. In addition, the ex situ/in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) has been also utilized to look at the local and electronic structural changes occurring during thermal decomposition in an elemental selective way. By utilizing combined X-ray techniques, we are able to get better understanding of structural and electronic structure changes in charged cathode materials during thermal decomposition. In this presentation, the thermal decomposition behavior of charged Na1-xMO2(M=Co, Cr) cathodes will be covered.


The work done at Brookhaven National Lab. was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Vehicle Technologies of the U.S. DOE under Contract No. DE-SC0012704.