Grain Boundary Engineering to Improve Ionic Conduction in Thin Films for Micro-SOFCs

Tuesday, October 13, 2015: 10:00
Remington B (Hyatt Regency)
A. Tarancón (IREC, Catalonia Institute for Energy Research), A. Morata (IREC, Catalonia Institute for Energy Research), D. Pla (IREC- Catalonia Institute for Energy Research), A. M. Saranya (IREC- Catalonia Institute for Energy Research), F. Chiabrera (IREC-Catalonia Institute for Energy Research), I. Garbayo (Electrochemical Materials, ETH Zurich), A. Cavallaro (Imperial College London), J. Canales-Vázquez (Universidad de Castilla La Mancha), J. A. Kilner (Imperial College London, London, UK), and M. Burriel (LMGP, France)
New emerging disciplines are specifically devoted to study trivial and non-trivial effects resulting from working in the nanoscale, however, the implementation of these nanostructures in real devices is still a major challenge. Thin film deposition and silicon microtechnology is probably the most promising and straightforward combination for the reliable integration of nanomaterials in real devices. In particular, the implementation of pure ionic and mixed ionic/electronic conductors (MIECs) in thin film form allows the miniaturization of multiple solid state devices. A simple combination of three oxides properly integrated in silicon enables anode/electrolyte/cathode structures for the fabrication of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). These micro-SOFCs represent a new family of micro-power generators that will drive a revolution in portable power generation [1].

In this lecture, we will talk about the implementation of novel nanoionics concepts in micro-SOFCs by using micro and nanofabrication technologies. We will put special attention on the contribution of grain boundaries to the mass transport properties in interface-dominated materials such as thin films. Grain boundary engineering will be presented as a powerful tool for reducing the resistance associated to electrolytes [2] and even control the intrinsic transport nature and performance of MIEC materials [3].  


[1] I. Garbayo, D. Pla, A. Morata, L. Fonseca, N. Sabaté and A. Tarancón, Full ceramic micro solid oxide fuel cells: towards more reliable MEMS power generators operating at high temperatures, Energy Environ. Sci. 7 (2014) 3617

[2] A. Chroneos, B. Yildiz, A. Tarancón, D. Parfitt, J. A. Kilner, Oxygen diffusion in solid oxide fuel cell cathode and electrolyte materials: mechanistic insights from atomistic simulations,Energy Environ. Sci. 4(2011) 2774

[3] A. M. Saranya, D. Pla, A. Morata, A. Cavallaro, J. Canales-Vázquez, J. A. Kilner, M. Burriel and A. Tarancón, Engineering mixed ionic electronic conduction in La0.8Sr0.2MnO3+δ nanostructures through fast grain boundary oxygen diffusivity, Adv. Energy. Mat (2015) 1500377