Studies on Dielectric Properties of Annealed RF-Sputtered ZrO2 Thin Films
ZrO2 possesses some interesting characteristics like relatively high-k and wide bandgap. In addition, its crystal structure changes at different temperatures, going from monoclinic to tetragonal and then to cubic as the temperature raises. Even though the monoclinic structure is stable and occurs at room temperature, the other two are not. This presents some problems, which create phase instability leading to stresses and cracking of the material. However, by introducing certain rare earth oxide based dopants as for example Yttria (Y2O3), stable phases for the tetragonal and cubic structures can be achieved, as well as increasing the permittivity constant of the dielectric [3,4].
In this work, ZrO2 thin films are deposited on glass substrates to find various properties. The films are prepared in an RF magnetron sputtering system using a 99.5% pure yttria-stabilized zirconium oxide target. ZrO2 based metal/insulator/metal (MIM) structures are fabricated using Aluminum as the top and bottom electrodes. Various electrical properties are investigated for the ZrO2 films prepared under different deposition and annealing conditions.
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