The choice of anion of the IL, in particular, can have a significant effect on the oxygen solubility. To investigate how oxygen solubility in the IL improves the ORR activity and durability, a series of ILs with various anions designed to enhance oxygen solubility were synthesized and characterized. Surprisingly, the electrochemical studies showed that the ORR activity was not sensitive to the oxygen solubility in the ILs, but showed significant dependence on the oxides free Pt sites (1- θOHad). (Fig.1)
The degree of IL coverage on the Pt was quantitatively estimated using (bi)sulfate ion as an indicator. It was found that the ORR activity was promoted when there was partial IL coverage, while full IL coverage resulted in degradation of the performance. Durability studies showed that in the presence of the IL Pt dissolution can be mitigated. A balance between activity and stability can be achieved with an optimized IL coverage.
1. J. Snyder, T. Fujita, M. W. Chen and J. Erlebacher, Nat Mater, 9, 904 (2010).
2. J. Snyder, K. Livi and J. Erlebacher, Advanced Functional Materials, 23, 5494 (2013).