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Localized Corrosion: Passive Film Breakdown Vs. Pit Growth Stability

Wednesday, 4 October 2017: 09:40
Camellia 3 (Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center)
G. S. Frankel, T. Li (Fontana Corrosion Center, The Ohio State University), and J. R. Scully (University of Virginia)
A debate about the critical step in localized corrosion has raged for decades. Some researchers focus on the composition and structure of the passive film associated with the initial breakdown of the film, whereas others consider that the susceptibility to pitting is controlled by the pit growth kinetics and the stabilization of pit growth. The basis for a unified theory of pitting is presented here in which pit stability considerations are controlling under aggressive conditions (harsh electrolytes and extreme environments and/or susceptible microstructures) and the passive film properties and protectiveness are the critical factors in less extreme environments and/or for less susceptible alloys.

This work was supported as part of the Center for Performance and Design of Nuclear Waste Forms and Containers, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences under Award # DE-SC0016584.