Modeling CO2 Electrolysis on Gadolinia Doped Ceria Porous Electrode Using a 1-D Macro-Homogenous Model and Linear and Non-Linear Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

Wednesday, 4 October 2017: 11:20
National Harbor 8 (Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center)
J. M. Witt, E. M. Stuve, and S. B. Adler (University of Washington)
Recent advances in carbon capture create new opportunities for recycling CO2 into liquid fuels to store intermittent electrical energy1. One option is to co-electrolyze CO2 and H2O at high temperature using solid oxide electrolysis cells (SOECs). Although promising, the factors controlling rates of CO2 and H2O reduction in SOECs are not well understood, hampering development2,3. Traditional electrochemical techniques have difficulty resolving the various factors and mechanisms governing CO2 and H2O reduction. This limitation can potentially be overcome through the use of linear and non-linear electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS and NLEIS) in conjunction with dynamic measurement of gas-phase species using mass spectrometry.

In regards to co-electrolysis, mixed ionic electronic conductors (MIEC) have gained interest as alternatives to nickel-yttria stabilized zirconia (Ni-YSZ) because the active region is not limited to the triple phase boundary and they are more stable in reducing environments3. Gadolinia-doped ceria coupled with perovskite La1-xSrxCr1-yMnyO3-δ (GDC-LSCM) has been a particularly well studied MIEC3.

We are currently conducting NLEIS and EIS measurements of CO2 reduction, water reduction, and co-electrolysis reduction experiments on button cells composed of GDC and LSCM as the working electrode with electrolyte YSZ under various temperatures and gas compositions. Gas atmospheres surrounding the cells contain various mixtures of water, CO2, CO, H2, and carrier gas such as Ar or N2. Currently hypothesized mechanisms/models on H2O and CO2 reduction are considered and scrutinized against NLEIS data in order to further reveal the nature of water and COreduction.


  1. Graves, C., Ebbesen, S. D., Mogensen, M., & Lackner, K. S. (2011). Sustainable hydrocarbon fuels by recycling CO2 and H2O with renewable or nuclear energy. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(1), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2010.07.014
  2. Graves, C., Chatzichristodoulou, C., & Mogensen, M. B. (2015). Kinetics of CO/CO2 and H2/H2O reactions at Ni-based and ceria-based solid-oxide-cell electrodes. Faraday Discussions, 182(0), 75–95. https://doi.org/10.1039/C5FD00048C
  3. Valdes-Espinosa, H., Stuve, E. M., & Adler, S. B. (2015). Modeling Water Reduction on 10 Mole% Gadolinia-Doped Ceria (GDC10) Porous Electrodes. ECS Transactions, 66(2), 229–251. https://doi.org/10.1149/06602.0229ecst