Synthesis, Structure and Luminescence of Dy Doped Na0.25K0.25Bi0.5TiO3

Tuesday, 3 October 2017
Prince George's Exhibit Hall D/E (Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center)


Bismuth sodium titanate (NBT) is one of the most promising lead-free piezoelectric material suitable to replace widely used lead-based piezoelectric materials. With general formula A+0.5Bi3+0.5Ti4+O3, where A = Na+ or K+, perovskite structure can crystallise in rhombohedral, cubic or tetragonal phase, depending on temperature and type (content) of monovalent cation. Doping this material with optically active ions, such as Dy3+, provides a new phosphor material with potentially interesting combination of piezoelectric and luminescence properties.

In this work we demonstrate the preparation of Na0.25K0.25Bi0.48Dy0.02TiO3 powder material. The material was synthesized via solid-state reaction by using TiO2, Bi2O3, Na2CO3, K2CO3 and Dy2O3 as precursor materials. These powders were ball milled in ethanol for 12 h, then dried and calcined at 850°C for 2 h. Subsequently, obtained powder was additionally milled in ethanol for additional 12 h, and finally sintered at 850°C for 4 h. Structural analysis was done by X-ray diffraction and showed tetragonal P4bm structure without impurities. Optical characterization including photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra and diffuse reflection measurements were performed. Emission spectra showed characteristic bands of Dy3+ ions with pronounced emissions originating from f–f electronic transitions. A dominant band in the blue region with maximum at around 477 nm originates from magnetic-dipole 4F9/26H15/2 transition, and another in the yellow region with maximum at around 574 nm originates from electric-dipole 4F9/26H13/2 transition. A small intensity higher energy band cantered at around 457 nm originates from 4I15/26H15/2 transition provides the possibility to use this type of emitting material as temperature sensor using the LIR method.