Imidazolium-Functionalized Polymer Membranes for Fuel Cells and Electrolyzers

Sunday, 1 October 2017: 08:40
Maryland B (Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center)
M. Pellerite, M. Kaplun, C. Hartmann-Thompson, K. A. Lewinski, N. Kunz, T. Gregar, J. Baetzold, D. Lutz, M. Quast (3M Company), Z. Liu (Dioxide Materials), H. Yang (Dioxide Materials Inc), S. D. Sajjad, Y. Gao, and R. Masel (Dioxide Materials)
Imidazolium-functionalized styrenic copolymers have been widely studied as candidates for use as anion exchange membranes in carbon dioxide and water electrolysis systems. Recent new developments in catalytic electrode materials suggest that electrolyzers based on this technology will be commercially viable. Nevertheless, important aspects of the physicochemical behavior of these membrane materials, especially transformations occurring upon activation in strongly alkaline media, remain incompletely understood. We will discuss results from 1- and 2-D NMR, IR, IEC, and DSC studies of imidazolium-functional styrenic copolymer membrane materials recovered after activation by exposure to 1M KOH solution and reacidification in HCl. The work sheds some new light on such aspects as chemical reactions and polymer crosslinking processes occurring in strong base, although mechanistic questions remain.