(Invited) Investigation of Thermal Quenching Process for 5d-4f and 3d-3d Luminescence

Monday, 2 October 2017: 08:30
Chesapeake 11 (Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center)
J. Ueda and S. Tanabe (Kyoto University)
White light LEDs (light-emitting diodes) are rapidly replacing incandescent lamps and (compact) fluorescent tubes in all lighting markets (consumer, automotive, and professional). The most widely used type of white LEDs (w-LEDs) is a phosphor-converted w-LED (PC-LED), which is composed of an InGaN-based blue LED and visible light emitting inorganic phosphors, such as oxides and nitrides doped with Ce3+, Eu2+ , Mn4+ as an active center. These phosphors are required to have excellent thermal quenching behavior because the LED chip reaches temperatures up to ∼200 °C in recent high-power w-LED. In these phosphors, two processes of thermal quenching are considered generally. One is the thermally activated cross over from the excited state to the next lower state. The other is the thermal ionization from the excited state to the bottom of the conduction band (CB). In this study, we investigated the thermal quenching mechanism for the 5d-4f and 3d-3d luminescence in w-LED phosphors doped with Ce3+ or Mn4+.

Ce3+-doped Y3Al5O12 garnet (yttrium aluminum garnet,YAG) is the most prominent phosphor in w-LEDs. The excellent thermal quenching behavior of the Ce3+ luminescence in YAG:Ce3+ is well established, but the mechanism for thermal quenching remains unclear. To elucidate the mechanism of thermal quenching of YAG:Ce3+, thermoluminescence excitation (TLE) spectra were recorded at room temperature and 300 °C. At room temperature, the lowest 5d1 band at 450 nm does not contribute to the charging process for TL while at 300 °C, a temperature corresponding to the onset of thermal quenching of the Ce3+ luminescence, the excitation in 5d1 band gives rise to a TL signal. This result indicates that thermal ionization is responsible for thermal quenching of the Ce3+luminescence.

We also investigated the thermal quenching process for calcium aluminum magnetoplumbite, CaAl12O19, doped with Mn4+ (CAO:Mn4+), which is narrow red luminescence phosphor. We tried to understand the quenching mechanism of Mn4+ compared with the luminescence quenching properties of Mn2+. From the temperature dependence of Mn4+: 2E-4A2 red luminescence and Mn2+:4T1-6A1 green luminescence intensities in CaAl12O19, the quenching temperatures of Mn4+ and Mn2+ are 330K and 800K, respectively. There is a big difference between the quenching temperatures of Mn4+ and Mn2+ in spite of the same host material and the similar luminescence transtion energy. The Mn4+:2E-4A2 red luminescence is quenched by the thermally activated crossover through the 4T2 excited state whose potential curve possesses a large configurational offset in a configurational coordinate diagram. Mn2+ green luminescence is also quenched by the thermally activated crossover, but the activation energy for non-radiative process is much larger than that for Mn4+ because there are no other excited states related with the quenching process.