A Study of Carbonate Formation Kinetics and Morphological Effects Observed on OH- Form of Pfaem When Exposed to Air Containing CO2

Sunday, 1 October 2017: 15:40
Maryland B (Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center)
A. G. Divekar (Colorado School of Mines), A. M. Park, Z. R. Owczarczyk (National Renewable Energy Laboratory), S. Seifert (Argonne National Laboratory), B. S. Pivovar (National Renewable Energy Laboratory), and A. M. Herring (Colorado School of Mines)
For AEMFC OH- form of membrane reacts with CO2 when exposed to air leading to loss in conductivity. The data published by Yanagi et.al.[1] suggest that OH species reacts to form Carbonate/bicarbonate in few minutes and after 2 h the membrane only consists of carbonate and bicarbonate. Although this is an important data to consider the reaction kinetics, morphological properties and equilibrium concentrations are still unknown at different environmental conditions. We have attempted to study the CO2 kinetics and its transient effect on conductivity, water-uptake (or lambda) and morphology when the OH- form of PFAEM membrane is exposed to air which has approx. 400 ppm of CO2. The kinetics was studied by exposing the membrane to controlled environment and titrating it using Warder and Winkler titration methods. We have studied transient change in small angle x-ray scattering patterns when the films are exposed to air at different conditions to study the change in d-spacing of the ionic domains. From SAXS analysis it can be concluded that the intensity of spectrum drops over time and the time of equilibration is higher at higher humidity. It takes few hours for the conductivity to drop to carbonate/bicarbonate level. Ultimately we want to understand the effect of COon membrane from every aspect and possibly help us think about strategies to mitigate the problem.

Keywords: Anionic exchange membrane, Carbonate,bicarbonate,carbon-dioxide, small angle x-ray scattering


[1]Yanagi and Fukuta, ECS transactions,16(2008).